Matthew Visyak's Domain

My Solo Project - Snow Plow Final Assembly Phase

Assembly Stage

The final stage of this project is attaching all of the completed pieces of the truck together. This step is the most challenging simply because the metal shapes shift when the holes are drilled. If you manage to keep the shapes stationary after drilling a hole, they still might shift when you lift up the parts to get a nut on the bolts to attach it.

This is the completed truck before it is attached together with bolts and rivets, still sitting on the tra paper template.

An image of the truck thus far before I began attaching the shaspes together with bolts. The back wheels are complete at this point but just not attached yet.

My approach was to start from the snowplow blade section and work my way around to different sections of the truck. This way misalignment was minimal if you worked from the most critical contact points out to the less precise shapes. I also minimized movement by placing bolts through holes as they were drilled just to keep the pieces from shifting.

I continued drilling the other holes without the pieces shifting too much. Once I had an area finished, I carefully lifted the pieces and loosely placed a nut on the bolts to hold it steady. The undercarriage was able to be attached with a small amount of bolts because the numerous pieces were already joined in many places with pop rivets.

I had the frontal section of the truck attached into one single and it was time to add the window shapes. I lifted up the edge and carefully slid the large silver portion, composing the windows and windshield collectively, underneath. Once the silver window panel was in place, I unfastened a couple bolts and drilled through the existing holes and down through the silver piece.

The silver piece was then attached with two spacers to recede it an inch below the lemon yellow section. This created a cast shadow onto the silver, giving it the depth found in glass automobile windows.

Tightening up the seams

Persistence was the name of the game and eventually I had the truck together into a single unit. The time had come to tighten up the bolts so that the completed form would be more rigid. A few concerns were apparent at this point: the truck was on a concrete floor and the metal structure itself was very heavy. Because of these reasons, I found it difficult to tighten some of the bolts and there was no easy way of getting underneath of it. At this point I needed to transport the cumbersome snowplow to the table.

The partially assembled truck positioned on the table.

I had to muscle the truck onto the table by myself to tighten the bolts and also attach the recessed silver shape for the windows. You will also notice that most of teh other sections have been attached. I choose to leave the plow off the front because of the considerable weight of the structure.

The table we use for these projects does not have a solid opaque top. The top is comprised of 2 x 4's which are interlaced into a lattice with hollow square holes about a foot in diameter. This lattice supports the structure, but allows one to climb under the table and have easy access to bolts which are under a hundred pounds of metal.

The nuts on the bolts were not tightened completely, but were sturdy enough to transport the truck onto this wooden table. I had to do this by myself. This is one of the times where a team would have been beneficial but I persevered and managed to wrestle it onto the table. Once it was on the table, I tightened each of the bolts, inserting a couple extra bolts in places where the points of contact seemed a bit weak. At this time, I also attached the snowplow blade onto the truck.


With the truck in one piece, I found myself significantly ahead of schedule. This gave me some time to customize it with the extras I had discussed with the client. These extras included the enhanced bulldog hood ornament, the Penn DOT logo, and some snow on the plow blade.

Penn dot Logo

The Penn DOT logo is mostly blue and green, so the next decision to make was what color to use for the underlying structural portion for the logo. I decided to choose blue as the underlying layer since it comprised most of the logo. The green shapes were cut separately to be attached on top of this blue layer.

The finished logo was attached to the yellow door with the aid of pop rivets. Pop rivets can penetrate and join up to four layers of metal. This saved on the number of pop rivets used since a single layer of pop rivets can connect the green logo shapes to the blue logo layer and then connect those directly to the truck's door.

Step by Step: Assembling the Penn DOT Logo

Step 1

One of the coveted rare blue signs with the background of the PennDOT logo traced out, ready to cut

The first task was finding a common color that would serve as the base for the logo. Blue was the dominate color throughout so I started by tracing the shape on a solid section of blue sign.

Step 2

The green portions of the logo were cut out of another green sign and placed upon the blue back drop.

Using the same template shapes that I used for the blue I cut the green shapes out of another sign. The only thing I needed to do was cut out the general rectangular shape from the blue sign.

Step 3

The completed Penndot logo is attached to the main truck assembly.

The final step was to place the green shapes on top of the blue rectangle shape and then place that on the door of the truck. Pop rivits can go through four layers of sign easily so we could attach it all at once.

Snow for the Snowplow

The snow shape for the plow blade needed to be fabricated from the largest piece of reflective white sign I could find. Normally this would not have been possible on an ordinary white reflective sign. However, there are rare signs where the lettering is attached after the sign is painted and they can be peeled away, like electrical tape, with the help of a razor blade. This was how I managed to get such a large, solid piece of reflective white sign for the snow.

I traced the shape allowing the snow to have a fluffy top, suggesting loose snow. I also designed it stretch up along the seams of the curved face of the blade suggesting snow sticking to the metal ridges on a real snowplow. The snow shape was attached by drilling holes in the same areas as the orange bottom lip of the blade. This way the shapes shared the same holes and could be attached as one unit rather than polluting the plow with more bolts.

Finishing Touches

The final remaining pieces to go onto the snowplow were the hood ornament and the left upper light. The left upper light could have been completed a couple steps ago but was simply forgotten until this point.

The hood ornament was deliberately delayed because I needed some pictures to aid me with its design. I took a couple pictures of the bulldog emblem on an actual Penn DOT truck to help me accurately depict it. The shape was traced on a silver reflective and then cut carefully with a fresh sharpened blade. The bulldog ornament was a success and was attached to the grill completing the project.

The final completed Snowplow displayed on the table, ready to be placed on the fence during the next summer internship.

The completed snowplow with the customized details such as the snow on the snowplow, the bulldog emblem hood ornament, and the PennDot logo on the door. I could not get a more upright shot because the structure now weighted well over two hundred pounds.

I took the time to brush away all of the metal shaving and polish the signs to remove the marker lines. The snowplow was finished and ready for my client.

The finished snowplow had to wait for the summer of 2007 when the "Read between the signs" internship crew would create the surrounding winter scenery for the fence. The snowplow is currently on the fence and I hope to take a couple pictures next time I go back up to Meadville to visit.

The last task was breaking down the tables and cleaning up the work area. This marked the end of this freelance project and also my term at Allegheny College. From here someone else will have to become the lead artists for the project and carry on the creative design task.